Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble catacomb on the southern bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was built in 1632 by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan (ruled from 1628 to 1658) to house the burial chamber of his preferred spouse, Mumtaz Mahal; it likewise houses the burial place of Shah Jahan himself. The burial place is the focal point of a 17-hectare (42-section of land) complex, which incorporates a mosque and a visitor house, and is set in formal nurseries limited on three sides by a crenelated divider.
It is said that with Taj Mahal, Mughal Architecture arrived at its peak. An UNESCO recorded World Heritage Site, Taj Mahal in Agra is an evenly faultless charbagh sepulcher built totally utilizing white marble. Taj Mahal was as of late casted a ballot as one of the Seven Modern Wonders of the World.
The Taj Mahal is probably the most famous building in the world. Its picture has covered many magazines and travel brochures
The Taj Mahal is an elegant historical monument, located in the city of Agra, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, in India, which holds a capturing distinction from architecture of pre-Islamic India and Indo-Islamic style of architecture.
The dense marble walls, heavy lintels and corbelled arches sum up the Islamic culture’s formal themes. With elements from Persian, Indian and Islamic culture, The Taj Mahal is one of the finest works of Mughal architectures.
Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Built by: Shah Jahan
Built in: 1632–1653
Highlights: Interior decorations, Exterior Decorations, Night viewing of Taj Mahal under moonlight, Beautiful Gardens, Grand outlying buildings, Tour of Fatehpur Sikri and Agra Fort.
How to Reach: Agra is well connected by roads to all the major cities in the country. It is connected to Jaipur by NH-11, to Delhi and Varanasi by NH-2 and to Gwalior by NH-3. Besides, the local airport at Agra, Kheria Airport is connected to Delhi International Airport. The distance from Kheria airport to Taj Mahal is 9 km. The city is well connected to almost whole of India through railway. The distance from Agra Cantt Railway Station to Taj Mahal is 7 km.
Best time to visit: Visiting Agra during summer takes a huge toll on tourists due to almost unbearable heat. Hence, the best time to visit Taj Mahal is between the months of October to March when the weather is comparatively cooler.
Entry Fee: The Taj Mahal entry ticket for Indian tourists is INR 45. For citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC countries, the Taj Mahal entry ticket price is INR 535. And if you are a foreign national, the Taj Mahal entry ticket price is INR 1050. For both domestic and foreign tourists, no entry fee is charged for children below the age of 15.
Taj Mahal Ticket Booking
|Entry Fee (Indian)||INR 45 ( Additional INR 200 to see the main mausoleum)|
|Entry Fee (SAARC and BIMSTEC)||INR 535 ( Additional INR 200 to see the main mausoleum)|
|Entry Fee (Foreigner )||INR 1050 (Additional NR 200 to see the main mausoleum)|
|Entry Below (Children Below Age 15)||Free|
Taj Mahal Timings & Entry Gates
|Taj Mahal Entry Gates||Taj Mahal Opening Hours|
|Western Gate (Main Gate)||An hour before sunrise and about 45 minutes prior to sunset|
|Eastern Gate||An hour before sunrise, and 45 minutes before sunset|
|Southern Gate||Only Exit|
Taj Mahal Western Gate:
The tickets are available at this gate itself. Again, the Taj Mahal visiting hours remain the same; an hour before sunrise, and 45 minutes before sunset. Facing Fatehabad, there is a domed tomb here nestled on an elevated plinth, also known as ‘Sirhi Darwaza’. This too is a tomb to another of Shah Jahan’s wives, Sirhindi begum. The main structure is an architectural marvel what with its 24 arches, a giant hall and courtyard, and built in a unique eight-sided style.
Taj Mahal Southern Gate:
You can only exit from this gate; no entry is allowed. Meant for pedestrians alone, this gate faces the old town, Mumtazabad. There is a tomb here too of red sandstone complete with a rambling courtyard and a dome. The grave is believed to be of a maid of Mumtaz Mahal’s who always kept her company and looked after her.
Be apprised of the fact that there are separate queues for domestic and foreign tourists.
Taj Mahal Address
The Taj Mahal is located in Dharmapuri, Forest Colony, Tajganj, Agra, Uttar Pradesh – 282001.
Introduction to Taj Mahal
Located in the city of Agra, in Uttar Pradesh, The Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful mausoleums, constructed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in the memory of his late wife Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal has been made purely out of white marble and the view of the structure, in the black night, under the shimmering moonlight is an unforgettable spectacle.
The construction of the gigantic structure started around 1632, under the supervision of imperial rulers such as Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, Makramat Khan and Abd ul-Karim Ma’mur Khan. By 1653, the Taj Mahal was built completely with the help of thousands of craftsmen and artisans. The Taj Mahal is a complex structure, though the most popular aspect of the monument is white domed marble mausoleum.
In 1983, Taj Mahal was recognized as a world Heritage Site by UNESCO and regarded as “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage.” It is regarded as one of the finest examples of the magnificence of Mughal architecture, and hence, every year, tourists from all over the world visit The Taj Mahal to witness the historical monument.
History of Taj Mahal
Under the leadership of Shah Jahan, The Mughal Empire was in her greatest period of prosperity. But in 1631, the Emperor, Shah Jahan suffered a major setback when his third wife Mumtaz Mahal died during a child birth. Shah Jahan announced the Construction of the Taj Mahal in memory of her beloved wife and the construction for the same began in 1632.
The traditional love story that inspired the construction of Taj Mahal has been illustrated in the court chronicles of Shah Jahan. The construction of the principal mausoleum took 16 years and was completed by 1648. Five years later, by 1653, the surroundings gardens and buildings were built and the construction was finished.
Aurangzeb overthrew Shah Jahan, immediately after the construction of Taj Mahal, and put him under house arrest. After the death of Shah Jahan, he was buried in the mausoleum next to Mumtaz Mahal, by Aurangzeb.
The 19th century saw the defacing of the magnificent structure, The Taj Mahal, by the British government officials and soldiers who carved out lapis lazuli and valuable stones from the walls.
By the end of the 19th century, a restoration project was initiated by British viceroy Lord Curzon. The project was completed in 1908 with the construction of huge lamp in the interior chambers and the remodeling of gardens into British style lawns.
Today, The Taj Mahal is recognized as one of the seven wonders in the world, and is one of the most popular tourist destinations all over the world.
Some Interesting Facts about Taj Mahal
- Approximately, 22,000 people took participation in building the structure including embroidery artists, laborers, stonecutters, painters and many others.
- Rumors suggest that Shah Jahan planned to construct another Taj Mahal in black marble on the other side. His plans were thwarted by the ongoing battles with Aurangzeb.
- It took approximately 17 years for the complete construction of Taj Mahal.
- Taj Mahal’s complete height is 561 feet (171 meter).
- During the construction of Taj Mahal, approximately 1,000 elephants were used for the purpose of transportation of the construction materials that were being used to build the structure.
- The British government officials and soldiers dug out many precious stones and lapis lazuli from the interior walls of Taj Mahal.
- The Taj Mahal is one amongst the World’s Wonders.
- Taj Mahal is one amongst the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- The Taj Mahal holds a legend of eternal love of an Emperor for his beloved Queen.
- Taj Mahal looks identical from all four sides and hence creates an astounding mirrored image on each side. The symmetry of architectural elements and principle of self-replicating geometry have been used during construction.
- There are numerous gardens and buildings surrounding The Taj Mahal which constitutes 17 hectares of land within the complex walls.
- One of the most popular aspects of The Taj Mahal is her varying in coloring during a day. In the early morning, the Taj Mahal appears pinkish hue and turns to milky white during the evening and in the moonlight, it appears golden in color. According to people, the different colors depict the varying moods of female kind, particularly the Emperor’s Queen, Mumtaz Mahal.